Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is my own personal opinion and research. You may share your opinion in the comment section at the end of this article.

If you’re interested in Top Programming Languages in 2020. Check this Article.

I still remember that day back in 2013 when I decided to learn programming and that was one of the best decision I took in my life. But before start learning, I asked myself.

What Programming language should I learn first?

As we advance to 2019, it’s a good time to reflect on our top learning priorities for 2019. Before start talking about Programming Languages let me clarify:

  • I’m not arguing that any language is objectively better than any other.
  • I agree that developers should eventually learn more than one language.

Let’s dive right in with the first Programming Language:

1. Python

Python has been a growing programming language and it shows no signs of disappearing. You’ll find it in web applications, desktop apps, network servers, machine learning, media tools and more.

You might find Python useful for back-end services and API’s, if you’re in security or Site Reliability Engineering. Python-based web development framework like DjangoPyramid and Turbo Gear have found more and more popularity.

In the end, it’s a good choice for beginner developers to learn Python, as it’s high-level and easy to read and comprehend language. Python stats according to PYPL site. There’s a great aricle on courses for ethical hackers for programming language. Go and check it out.

2018 Programming Languages Stats
2. JavaScript

JavaScript is the most popular language according to Stack OverFlow. More than half of all developers use JavaScript. It’s vital to front-end development and increasingly relevant to back-end development. And it’s rapidly expanding into areas like game development and the (IOT) Internet of things. JavaScript stats according to Stack OverFlow survey for 2018.

Stack OverFlow lanfuages stats for 2018

JavaScript allows you to build interactive websites, and it’s truly an essential web tool technology alongside HTML and CSS, and because most browsers in some way implement JavaScript. It’s crucial for getting into web-development and learning this language but it’s generally easier to pick and do something tangible with, in part because of all accessible UI.

JavaScript Gif

3. Rust

If you haven’t heard Rust before, it’s a new system-level programming language that is changing the way we think about programming. Rust came in first place in the 2018 Stack OverFlow Developer survey for developer most loved and wanted language.

Stack OverFlow 2018 loved programming languages

Rust language originally developed by Mozilla Foundation and it operates as a low-level language, suited for performance critical code. Rust is created with the purpose of avoiding the dangling pointers, buffer overflows or any other kind of memory errors.

For a beginner, Rust might be a bit of a struggle to pick up as it insists on various rules to achieve memory safety. However, experienced developers love it, and it’s quite possible that in the next few years Rust will be in very high demand.

rust programming language fire

4. Go

Go is a minimal language like Python. Since it is developed by Google, who are also Python lovers, they came up a language which is simple to write like Python but more efficient like C++Go provides better features to write concurrent programs. In the era when multi-core apps are being written, Go addresses the need quite well and also there’s built-in support of concurrency in it.

Go programming languages

Combining the best aspects of functional and object-oriented programming, as well as featuring a valuable set of inbuilt development tools. Some good and famous projects are using it, for instance, kubernetes and Ethereum Cryptozoic Project are based on Go.

5. Swift

If you want to get into IOS mobile development, you should definitely consider Swift as a high-paid career path. Swift is a relatively new programming language released in 2014. It’s Apple’s new language options for programming native IOS and Mac-OS applications. Native apps have been found to outperform hybrid apps, and Sprite-Kit makes it even easier to build 2D games.  It is considered an improvement in terms of usability and performance compared to Objective-C.

Swift Programming Language

Swift is a statically typed language means that XCode checks your error for you, so your errors are easier to track down, and further, it operates faster. By the way, XCode is the editor for the Swift language.

6. Kotlin

Kotlin is the second most loved and wanted a programming language in 2018 Stack OverFlow survey. Kotlin language is originally developed by JetBrains. It is fully inter-operable with Java and comes with no limitations. It can be used almost everywhere Java is used today: for server-side development, Android Apps, and much more.

Android developer has also been using Kotlin language from some time and loved the most. In 2017 Google announced that, Kotlin is now the official language for Android development. Kotlin works great with all existing Java libraries and frameworks and runs with same level of performance as with Java.

Kotlin language and Android

7. C++

C++ is a highly efficient and flexible language, first created back in 1985. It has remained in high demand due to high performance, reliability, and variety of contexts you can use it in. Microsoft Windows and Google Chrome are the two of the most well-known projects created with C++, and indeed most of Amazon’s website are written in C++.

C++ still going strong

A career with C++ involves developing desktop applications, especially performance-intensive tasks. You’ll find C++ in a wide range of applications– from GUI application to 3D graphics for a game to real-time mathematical solutions.

8. TypeScript

TypeScript is a programming language designed for large-scale JavaScript application development. In 2018 TypeScript capture the imagination of wider developer community. This language is not just for a front-end developer, it is now used to power back-ends, create hybrid mobile applications, architect cloud solutions, design neural networks and even control robots.

typescript_everywhere

It’s no surprise that TypeScript is now fundamental to core JavaScript frameworks – even Google decided to use it in Angular.

9. Java

Java is arguably the most popular programming language you’ve ever heard. It is a language created by mighty James Gosling from Sun MicroSystems in 1991. There’s a great saying ”write once run everywhere” capture one of the keys that make Java so valuable. It’s powerful JVM (Java Virtual Machine) which makes it cross-platform compatible.

Learn Java

There are so many Gurus and Pandits saying that the Java will be forgotten after the Kotlin language introduced. Java has died and resurrected more times than we can count and it is still right here. According to the latest 2018 Stack OverFlow survey Java is still on number fifth in Programming & Markup Languages section.

10. F#

F# is originally developed by F# Software Foundation. There was a time nothing much happening in Web regarding of F# but according to the latest survey, F# ranks in highest salary comparative to other programming languages. F# is most often used as a crossed-platform Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) language, but it can also generate JavaScript and GPU code. The following shows the F# salary comparison:

Stack OverFlow salary survey 2018

That concludes the list of top ten programming languages you should consider learning in 2019. If you like what you read, share your knowledge with the community.

We’ll love to know your opinion, please vote for your favourite Programming Language Survey:

What is the Best Programming Language?

Thank you for being here and keep reading…

Here’re some more Articles you might be interested:

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Author

I’m a mobile product devsigner (i.e. I consider myself as both a developer and a designer) and user experience/interface engineer. I’m an expert on the Android platform and have been recognized as it by the community.

57 Comments

  1. AHSEN SAEED aside from PHP, between node and python which one is more suitable for back end development?

  2. I am a mechanical engineering student, 2nd class. I learned C, but Python is much simpler and also more object-oriented than C. It’s a much better choice if you are not mainly focused on coding.

  3. I have no knowledge about programming , and i want to learn python as my first programming language , is it difficult to learn it?
    thanks for your wonderful article

  4. I do like this article but every year is a bit different the programming languages popularity changes . However, Python has gotten a lot of growth lately so I think I’ll be better off having Python as my first language to learn.

  5. Sir I completed post graduate degree before 2 year but I still now I am nit going job for my personal reason but now I want to go job I have basic programming knowledge in intremediate level can you suggests which language is best and suit for me.

  6. Fataw Abukari Reply

    Ok reading the above comments, I’m a bit confused. I’m a beginner and I want to learn programming. What’s the simplest way to learn programming?

    • Hey Fataw, thanks for your reply.

      My general advice is to you, if you have zero experience then you need to starts with kids app like programming with scratch. Use online free sites there are tons of website available who offer you to learn free programming. Grab some free programming books and read in your free time. Grab a mentor or hack someone else code.

      Best Ahsen,

  7. saichandu vadlakonda Reply

    Hi this is saichandu.i’m a b.tech graduate.Right now i’m eagerly waiting to join in coaching in software sector,but i was so confused to choose the right path of coaching in future..is .net or python or java.whether which is the right path to my bright carrer.Can you suggest to me.

    • Hi Saichandu,
      Thank you for your reply. I love your enthusiasm to learn. I’d recommend languages like Java or Python which easier to start with.

  8. Longar Deng Mayuot Reply

    I’m longar deng .South-Sudan, University of Juba. And thanks for the best article release earlier.

  9. Python, the first one.

    LOLLLLLL

    No PHP ?

    PHP8 will probably kill most of language listed here except Angular.

    • Hey Antonie,
      Yes you’re right! I know PHP8 has been quite the buzz for some time. But this list aiming to provide programming languages to learn in 2019 and PHP8 will probably release in 2021 according to this website.So, I think I’ll add the PHP8 in my new upcoming article for programming languages to learn in 2020.

    • Hey Saiteja,
      Yes Julia is a programming language. You can see me earlier comments on Julia language. Why I not mention it in the list.

  10. The venerable Delphi environment deserves a mention. With strong typing, clear syntax, modern additions, a nice RAD toolbox and the ability to target Windows, Mac OS, iOS and Android in a single code base, it’s worth considering.

    • Hey Kevin,
      First of all I don’t think Deplhi is programming language. It is potentially great IDE that brings together decent programming languages with performance like Pascal, Java, and Nim.

  11. Zeeshan Ali Reply

    I am a student of B. S Software Engineering at Karakoram International University Gilgit(Pakistan) . I really enjoy while going through this article and the whole nice conversations above… Also Got some fresh ideas regarding programming languages.. Thanks for sharing a such a nice article.

  12. Akın Oktay ATALAY Reply

    You made a good decision on not putting C#. It’s definitely trash.

  13. I’m extremely surprised by the fact that you forgot to mention C#. Frankly, everybody likes F#, but most of the jobs are in C# when talking about Microsoft technologies. C# pays well, it’s fast and with .NET Core you can develop and deploy your applications in Linux or Mac. Everybody is starting to use .NET Core in 2019. Only Python and Javascript will give you more jobs opportunities in these days.

  14. “Frankly, there seems to be very few reasons to use dotnet these days unless you’re working on universal windows apps or games with c#”

    It has changed with the .NET Core, c# is now more server side language than client side, but you can do both, which is indeed great.

  15. Duncan Haywood Reply

    Thanks for the article! It’s a real help in deciding what to do with my career.

  16. Amazing post on Top Programming Languages in 2019. Here is the other compiled list which you see. Click here The Coderpedia for more information.

  17. Old school techie Reply

    You mention C++, but no C? Don’t forget it powers up Linux which powers on most of the giant site, Google, Amazon, Facebook, even MS Azure.

  18. Pankaj Verma Reply

    All the languages have their own importance when it comes to the usage while programming.As per me VB.net is also one of the best user friendly and secure programming language as compared to many other language.

  19. I recommend to focus more on learning X if you want to do XX approach. And on perfecting what was learned. Programming languages are found to solve porblems and supposedly make our life easier. 10 programming languages to learn or 20 or 100 this is an endless loop. I think we are missing the point of never stop learning here to become syntax switchers. But maybe more important is to spend time on keep improving the way code is written. Beacuase syntax learning is not as important as the essence, does anyone remeber Symbian or Pascal?

    • Agreed, it’s better to advance your understanding of computer science and become a better problem solver than learn dozens of syntax rules, but learning new languages can provide new programming paradigms and career opportunities. Rust is a system level language. Go is more efficient than Python, great for scripting. Julia sounds like a great language to pick up for machine learning and data science.

      Learn the languages most relevant to improving your skill set and advancing your career. Aside, Fortran is still used in the scientific community.

  20. I agree with (most) of the languages in here. But if this list is ment to be in order of which you should learn first then I totally disagree. I have been teaching Java, Python and C++ at a UK university for a while now and I can say that you absolutely need to teach students a typed language first, before any other. Java is great for this because it allows the student to understand what’s going on in the computer whilst having enough abstraction to shield them from complexities such as compilation, it also allows for enough portability for easy marking of student work. Python for example is too high level, it’s a scripting language which functions very differently to most other languages, if you learn Python first you won’t properly appreciate most of the complexities of programming and take its abstraction for granted. I think if you are serious about learning computer science you should learn Java first then branch out it both Python and C++ (and possibly JavaScript too).

    • JavaScript and Python are fantastic languages for beginners to learn. The more complexity you can abstract away in an introduction to programming course, the more beginners will probably learn and appreciate programming without feeling overwhelmed.

      Additionally, it’s better to develop some algorithmic thinking and problem solving techniques before moving onto a more complex language. High-level languages allow beginners to implement prototypes of psuedo-code without feeling overwhelmed by the complexities of memory management, recursion, etc.

      High level scripting languages allow the learner to understand assignment, data types, function calls, object oriented design, scope and other topics without having to deal with the complexities of a more complex, less abstracted language. Scripting is also very useful for prototyping in the software development industry.

      Java is important to master for career prospects, but if you go on to learn as much C++ as you can, you can easily learn any language or topic relevant to modern computer science. Java is a good intermediate language to learn though, and will allow the learner to branch into the complexity of C++ more easily. To be well-rounded, all CS students should learn a scripting language, Java and C++, but I only disagree with your proposed order.

  21. James Smith Reply

    A couple of months ago I start to learn Python and it came on top of the list.

  22. So sad that i couldnt find dart here , despite the wave of flutter

  23. Did you really use a gif of the video game called rust for the programming language?

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  26. No dart? Id say with flutter hitting release a few months ago, its much more relevant these days then plenty of your bottom choices. Not to mention the announcement of hummingbird and desktop embedding. Its truly poised to become the next java; write once deploy anywhere and in native bytecode mind you. What about clojure or elixir; both are poised to break out in the next few years in various ways. Clojure has 2.0 coming and elixir is well elixir. (Plus learning any lisp helps you become a better programmer even if you don’t use it for work). Then of course, Scala is kind of a big deal these days; dotty is getting closer and closer to release and the language is very battle tested in enterprise environments.

    I love F# but most people only add a small amount to existing c# code bases rather than writing entire apps with it. Frankly, there seems to be very few reasons to use dotnet these days unless you’re working on universal windows apps or games with c#.
    Typescript shouldn’t even be on here since it’s just a retreading of JavaScript with types and a poor implementation at that. Kotlin is an OK choice but with flutter, I’ve found myself using it less and less. The novelty of a less verbose and more safe java wore off fairly quickly. Aside from android development, kotlin doesn’t have much that makes it a better choice then Scala, clojure or any other JVM language (aside from java). Why not consider reasonML/bucklescript or elm? So many frameworks are taking cues from elm, its definitely worth learning if you want to learn reactive programming.

    • Ahsen Saeed Reply

      Hey Tensor, thank you for your reply.
      1. Yeah, I love Flutter also I’ve wrote a couple of article on it but Flutter is kind of new and there are many things that we need to do natively.
      However, you’re absolutely right Flutter will be a good career choice for a furture.
      2. The reason I put Typescript in list is becuase it is gaining a lot of popularity in last few years. You can see the popularity graph in Stack OverFlow chart.
      3. Yes, you’re right Elixir is also getting popluar for programming. I’ll update the article and see where it stands on metrics I’ve use.

  27. Michael Milligan Reply

    I believe Julia could have easily been included in this list. It has the ease of use of Python, statistical/AI/machine language capability comparable to R, and runtime speeds 200x better than Python’s, almost rivaling C++. And it was created by MIT.

    I’m learning it now and believe it has a good chance of becoming a mainstream language.

    • Ahsen Saeed Reply

      Hi Michael Milligan, thank you for your reply.
      I know Julia has been quite a buzz for some time, but it’s still pretty new and the stable version for Julia is launched in August 2018. I think it’s still a bit too early to put it along the up-mentioned languages.

    • Ahsen Saeed Reply

      Hi John F, thanks for your reply.
      As I mention this article assumes what people look for when choosing a language with trendiness and pleasant to work with. As you can see Racket was not even on the list of PYPL or Stack OverFlow graph.

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